For explosive and mass growth of the internet of things, telecommunication is gearing up that vast collection of devices such as smart watches, smart thermostats and traffic and energy monitors etc. which will be provided to network connectivity in order to communicate and exchange data by them. There is a thing which needs to be considered about the internet of things and that is capacity.
The researchers are in need to serve thousands or millions of devices at once by tele-communication network with limited spectrum as the existing networks are not able to support the addition of exponentially more devices as well as the near instantaneous connection speed which is necessary for machine to machine communication.
So in order to meet these requirements, the next generation network or in other words, global network should be designed and prepared by the researchers. But this is a fascinating, domain spanning challenge for the team of researchers in order to develop solutions for huge and massive multi access wireless communication with considerable practical applications.
With the introduction of more smart devices and many networked monitors in internet of things, the industries would be transformed by it such as agriculture, transportation, utilities, athletics and many more. Live environmental feedback will be provided by the monitors, which can be used by the devices in order to optimize their functions.
Determining 5G standards is a difficult undertaking which would allow these transformative technological developments. In order to redesign wireless infrastructure for internet of things, there are many huge and big hurdles for the researchers.
In which the first is optimization of current network for a relatively small set of users especially humans as they send a large amount of data on a phone call or a video with several connections centrally organized in a continuous stream.
The networks will have to manage a decentralized and intermittent transmission of numerous small data packets from many more users especially machines in order to accommodate the internet of things. There will be more interference due to vast increase in machines o the networks which will causes latency or loss of connectivity.
For example: If there is a large event where too many people are on their phone, it will trouble the other person who is getting a call or machine will have problem in sending their data if the network is overloaded with the devices needing connectivity.