A special type of quantum computer has been developed by the team of researchers which is known as quantum simulator. It has been programmed by taking extremely cooled rubidium atoms along with lasers and by managing them in a particular order. It allows quantum mechanics to conduct essential calculations.
This system by the researchers could be used in order to shed the light on a host of difficult quantum processes and it also includes the connections between the quantum mechanics and material properties. It could be helpful in investigating new phases of matter and is able to solve the complex real world optimization problems. This system has been described in many news papers.
The essential feature of this system is its large size and high degree of quantum coherence. Along with efficient coherent qubits, this is one of the largest quantum systems which have been ever created with individual assembly and measurements. In the same issue of the nature, a similarly sized system of cold charged icons has been created by the researchers which can be controlled with lasers.
These complementary advances constitute a bigger step towards large scale quantum machines. As per the researchers, by using the microscope, they are able to take the images of the captured atoms in real time as well as they can arrange them in arbitrary patterns of input. It has been assembled by them in a very controlled manner and by starting with the random pattern; they decide the tarp which needs to go for arranging them into desired clusters.
As soon as researchers begin the process of feeding energy into the system, the atom begins to interact with each other and those interactions were giving the systems its quantum nature. The researchers told that they make the atoms interact which is really performing in the computation.
This system of the researchers self organizes along with laser light and this can be done by them easily by just throwing light on the atoms but they allow the atoms for performing the computation for them and the results were also measured. Those results were helpful in reflecting the light on difficult quantum mechanical phenomena which are all but impossible to model by using traditional computers.